Pie Hole Lovers Competition

Even though the following is littered garbage, I enjoy finding the huge variety of plates in their unwanted environments.  Now I see them everywhere.  Passersby and subway riders are stopping to watch me compose the images and some are asking me what I am doing.

Penelope and Martin contributed to this week’s collection so I invite all of you Pie Hole Lovers to send in your photos. ourwastematters@gmail.com

      

      

      

      

      

      

      

      

      

    

Some rats have been feasting on some of the plates.

Until next time,

Garbage Girl

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The Easiest Reuse Ever

 

My friends, Niovi and Sam, have hosted many a Coop party by using cocktail glasses that reuse their cocktail’s main ingredient; preserves.

They are definitely onto something as mixologists all over NYC are using this ingredient to add sugar, flavor and citrus to their favorite spirit.

Cocktail science is a blast!!!

https://www.epicurious.com/expert-advice/how-jams-jellies-cocktails-article

Until next time,

Audrey

Compostable Waste That Will Surprise You

Organic waste being converted into compost at McEnroe Farms in Millerton, NY about 100 miles from NYC. Photo credit: BioCycle

The New York Department of Sanitation has a goal of Zero Waste to landfills by 2030.  Part of this initiative is getting New Yorkers to compost all of the organic waste they generate.  It will apply to approximately 350 of the biggest food generators in the city, including hotels with 150 or more rooms, arenas and stadiums with at least 15,000 seats, as well as large-volume food manufacturers and food wholesalers.

Compo Keeper made a list of 25 items you use everyday that can go into the compost bin!  http://compokeeper.com/25-non-food-household-items-youll-be-surprised-are-compostable/

Be especially aware that plastic fibers, films, and microbeads  will break down, contaminate the compost and possibly enter the environment unchecked.  Plastic fibers from polyester and other synthetic fabrics in our laundry are the number one worst environmental contaminants followed by microbeads.

    • Bamboo Skewers
    • Toothpicks
    • Soiled Pizza Boxes (paper recycling has to reject these)
    • Paper soiled by food and oils
    • Q-tips (not the plastic kinds)
    • Matches
    • Burlap sacks (shredded)
    • Latex Balloons
    • Latex and Lambskin condoms (yes, even used)
    • Holiday wreaths (without any plastic shiny things)
    • Potpourri
    • Nail clippings
    • Natural fiber rope
    • Cellophane
    • Kleenex (yes, used ones!)
    • Loofas (the real ones)
    • Cotton balls (100% cotton)
    • Masking tape
    • White/plain glue
    • Hair from your hairbrush
    • Trimmings from an electric razor
    • 100% cotton tampons and sanitary pads (yes, even used)
    • Cardboard tampon applicators
    • Dryer lint (from 100% natural fabrics only!)
    • Old cotton clothing and jeans (ripped or cut into small pieces)
    • Cotton fabric scraps (shredded)
    • Wool clothing (ripped or cut into small pieces)
    • Cotton towels and sheets (shredded)
    • Pencil shavings
    • Sticky notes (shredded)
    • “Dust bunnies” from wood and tile floors
    • Contents of your dustpan (pick out any inorganic stuff, like pennies and Legos)
    • Burlap sacks (cut or torn into small pieces)
    • Old rope and twine (chopped, natural, unwaxed only)
    • Ashes from the fireplace, barbecue grill, or outdoor fire pits
    • Soiled Paper table cloths (shredded or torn into smaller pieces)
    • Crepe paper streamers (shredded)
    • Natural holiday wreaths
    • Fur from the dog or cat brush
    • Droppings and bedding from your rabbit, gerbil, hamster, etc.
    • Newspaper/droppings from the bottom of the bird or snake cage
    • Feathers
    • Alfalfa hay or pellets (usually fed to rabbits, gerbils, etc.)
    • Dry dog or cat food, fish pellets

Until next time, remember you can eat the entire apple!
Garbage Girl             

The Phoenix of Waste

 

The Natural Resources Defense Council  teamed with The Ad Council on this video to educate people about Food Waste.  Set to Michael Giacchino’s Academy Award Winning soundtrack from the critically acclaimed movie “Up,” the life of a strawberry was created pro bono by SapientNitro as part of a new “Save The Food” campaign.

It is part of a national public service campaign to combat food waste from its largest source — consumers.  We collectively waste more food than grocery stores, restaurants or farms.

ReFED, Rethink Food Waste Through Economics and Data, is a collaboration of over 30 business, government, investor, foundation, and nonprofit leaders committed  to reducing food waste in the US.  “The magnitude of the food waste problem is difficult to comprehend,” states the report. “The U.S. spends $218 billion a year — 1.3 percent of GDP — growing, processing, transporting and disposing of food that is never eaten.”

The “Roadmap To Reduce U.S. Food Waste By 20 Percent”, released by ReFED on March 9, is the first national economic study on food waste to develop a plan of action by this multistakeholder group.

The Roadmap estimates that it will cost $18 billion over a decade, or roughly $2 billion annually, to reduce food waste by 20 percent.  The economic value of all the food we waste is equivalent to $218 billion annually, so investing that one percent to drive a 20 percent food waste reduction can unlock $100 billion in savings over a decade.

The Roadmap focuses on the three most scalable solutions for each category:  Prevention: Standardized date labeling; Consumer education campaigns; and Waste tracking and analytics.  Recovery: Donation tax incentives; Standardized donation regulation; and Donation matching software.  Recycling: Centralized composting; Centralized anaerobic digestion; and Water resource recovery facilities with anaerobic digestion.

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One of the nation’s greatest success stories is Phoenix, Arizona.  By creating efficient ways to prevent wasted food, donate food and divert food waste, they are a leader in food waste management.

For example, during Super Bowl 49, hundreds of thousands of rabid football fans converged on downtown Phoenix for a week of partying before the big game.  Phoenix’s “Kick the Waste Initiative” was the perfect test for their pilot food waste collection and composting program.  By placing containers for food scraps and food-soiled paper in the 12-block perimeter of the party zone for the Super Bowl, they achieved a 73 percent diversion rate.  This is consistent with ReFED’s analysis, which finds that 73 percent of recycling opportunity is expected to come from centralized composting and anaerobic digestion facilities.  Through the same program, the city took the food scraps and soiled paper to their new pilot composting facility and three months later, they used it on city landscape and gardening projects.

In January 2016, Phoenix hosted the College Football Playoffs  increasing their diversion rate to 82 percent of the event’s waste.

The nation has a 50 percent food waste reduction goal by 2030.  Under a federal government initiative to lead partnerships between charitable organizations, faith-based organizations, the private sector and local, state and tribal governments, it intends to reduce food waste in the United States as an important step in improving  food security and conserving our nation’s natural resources.    http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?contentid=2015/09/0257.xml

Then there is Jake Mace!  He has the best “at home” compost instructions on the web. You can follow him at JakeMace.com but better yet click on his link and learn how you can make the most amazing compost. http://i1os.com/How_to_Make_Amazing_COMPOST_at_Home!_by_VeganAthlete/5VIFtNCgv28.video

How You Can Help:

Awareness!

  • What are you eating?
  • How is it packaged?
  • How far did it travel to get to you?
  • How was it grown or processed?
  • Will you eat it or throw it away?
  • Can it be composted?
  • Make jam!  It’s a lot easier than you think.

Until next week, images

Garbage Girl

Rats Aren’t Wasting Brooklyn’s Popularity

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Headlines have recently reported the increasing number of rats moving to Brooklyn.  The upscaled popularity of the borough seems to be attracting more than millionaires!

With the hopes of curtailing New York’s rat problem once and for all, Mayor de Blasio is spending $3 million on a citywide rodent-extermination plan.   Our rats have been battle-hardened since the city was born so it will take a citywide, every person doing their part, push to make a dent.

Rodent complaints surged 19 percent citywide from 20,545 complaints to 24,374.  You too, can complain about rats by calling 311.  Or  http://www1.nyc.gov/nyc-resources/service/2374/rodent-complaint   to report rat sightings.

The highest number of rat calls in the city came from Brooklyn with 7,842, Bronx had the second-highest with 5,573, Manhattan had 5,508 complaints, followed by Queens with 3,987 and Staten Island with 1,197.

The most complaints came from residents of 335 E 148th St.  Called, Bronx’s Rat Central, they set the record for the most rodent complaints at a single address by calling the city’s complaint hot line 131 times this year.

 

Rats are popular these days; gaining celebrity on social media.  Complete with commentary and lots of high pitched screeching these rat videos can actually get you to admire the critters.

There’s the pigeon killing rat caught on video in Brooklyn.  In broad daylight, this rat caught an injured pigeon by the neck and dragged it a few feet.  The pigeon freed itself but the rat gave chase, showed a fearless determination, and finished the job.  John Freund recorded the encounter in Williamsburg and posted the clip to YouTube last year — but the video suddenly went viral this week.

Rats in New York are now being given names for their notoriety, like Pizza Rat.  A bold undetered vermin who carried a slice of pepperoni pizza down a flight of subway stairs. Then there is McDonald’s Rat.  This guy caused all sorts of problems for the food chain in Thailand when its behavior went viral.  We topped that, though, with Subway Rat.  Not the normal commute that day when this rat came on board with all of the other passengers.

The video that really peaked our yuck factor was Selfie Rat.  A rat crawled into the lap of a man sleeping on the subway platform and took a picture of itself with the man’s phone.   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5CvWXG8gqEU

If you need more! You can take a tour with Motherboard and a Rodentologist to Columbia Park in Chinatown and learn all about rats.

How You Can Help:

  • Keep food waste really well contained.
  • Place household waste at curbside as close as possible to pickup times.
  • Use the new really cool solar powered waste compacting and signaling receptacles, that the Sanitation Department gave us, for all of your street trash.
  • Never litter food on city streets or sidewalks.
  • Report rats or mice where food is served.
  • Report rats or mice in sewers, on streets or sidewalks.
  • Report rats or mice in public schools.
  • Report rats or mice in parks.
  • Report rats or mice in public transportation.
  • Report a condition that could attract rodents such as trash or food left out.
  • Call 311 to report rats or mice in your home or building.
  • Unfortunately rats can carry diseases that kill humans or they might actually be able to help pick up after the messier of us!  Let’s send these guys packin’.

Until next week:19166021-Illustration-of-Cartoon-rat-get-out-Stock-Vector-mouse

Garbage Girl

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poverty, Waste and Women

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Photo credit: UN Photo/Patricia Esteve

Over a third of the world’s population has inadequate sanitation facilities.  With no sanitation facilities, people have to urinate and defecate in highly populated, public areas.  With their waste remaining exposed to animals, insects, food, and other people it  leads to the rapid spread of diseases and diarrhea, a digestive system malfunction caused by viruses or bacteria.  One gram of human feces can contain as much as ten million viruses and a hundred parasite eggs.  Diarrhea is the main cause of death in children under four years old.  An estimated 5,000 children die daily from complications related to this ailment.

Communities with no safe water sources women-collecting-wateror latrines live lives dominated by the search for water and blighted by disease.  Women are traditionally the primary water gatherers, sometimes spending up to five hours a day collecting water.  The water can often be dirty and contaminated with diseases.  This makes women further burdened by their own illnesses and the care of others who are sick in their families.

6a00d8341c7ee953ef0167691df70f970b-800wiWomen are more vulnerable without adequate sanitation because they carry the double burden of looking after children with their own sanitation needs and finding work or resources often times with no sanitation facilities or breaks to relieve themselves. When women and girls cannot be together to urinate, defecate or manage their menstrual hygiene, they can find themselves in unsafe situations.

The Beijing Platform for Women began in 1995 by United Nations Women, an entity for gender equality and empowerment of women.  A lot still needs to be accomplished but a lot has been done.  http://beijing20.unwomen.org/en/about
The UN initiated World Toilet DayIMG_2157_2-300x225
and the We Can’t Wait campaign that featured an inflatable toilet on the main lawn of the UN bringing an awareness to the issues women have managing their sanitation problems.
Many humanitarian aid organizations are now putting gender policies in place, making natural resource management and sanitation more comprehensible.  They are finding that sustainable stewardship of the land, water, soil, plants, animals, and food in a community improves when women take a more central role in the decisions.  Effective involvement of women can be facilitated by considering:
The different roles played by men and women.
The differences between men’s and women’s rights to access and control natural resources.
Both men and women need to be involved in decision-making.
Both men and women need to participate in all stages of natural resource management.
Cultural and social barriers need to be made aware of.
Indigenous knowledge is key.
Gender appropriate technologies need to be designed with women in mind.
Work burdens of women can unfairly increase if gender isn’t considered.
The consequences of intervention may affect all members of the community.
How You Can Help:
  • These organizations are worth looking into:

Captive Daughters  Dedicated to ending sex trafficking

CEDAW  The Treaty for the Rights of Women

Madre  Demanding human rights for women and families around the world

UN WomenWatch  UN inter-agency network on women and gender equality

Women’s WORLD  because nowhere on earth are women’s voices given the same respect as men’s

Equality Now  working to end violence and discrimination against women and girls around the world through the mobilization of public pressure

WomenAid International   a women’s humanitarian aid and development agency which promotes all rights for all people in all countries

Women Without Borders  an advocacy, PR and lobbying organisation for women around the globe

Women for Women’s Human Rights   a widely renowned non-governmental organization around the globe

Womankind Worldwide  enabling women to voice their concerns and claim their rights, and to work globally for policies and practices which promote equality between men and women

Association for Women’s Rights in Development   connects, informs and mobilizes people and organizations committed to achieving gender equality, sustainable development and women’s human rights

Women’s Human Rights net   provides reliable, comprehensive, and timely information and analyses on women’s human rights in English, Spanish and French

Stop the Violence Against Women Campaign  a part of Amnesty International involved in an international campaign to stop violence against women

Human Rights Watch  a part of The Women’s Rights Division fighting against the dehumanization and marginalization of women

Women’s Forum Against Fundamentalism in Iran   promotes a greater awareness of the challenges women face living under fundamentalist regimes such as that of Iran

Women of Vision   a Christian humanitarian organization that has served the poor since 1950 through emergency relief and long-term development

Until next week,water-nepal-slider

Garbage Girl

 

Don’t Waste Earth Day This Year

Moon

April 22nd is Earth Day. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth_Day   In connection with Arbor Day,  https://www.arborday.org  April is Earth Month.  Events happen all over the globe to support initiatives that will make living on our planet more beneficial for all of us.  A good place to get information about activities is through the Earth Day Network.  http://www.earthday.org  Their goal is to build the world’s largest environmental movement.

The mission for Earth Day Network is to broaden and diversify the environmental movement worldwide, mobilize the movement to build a healthy and sustainable environment, address climate change, and protect the Earth for future generations.

Many climate change experts would suggest that green initiatives and public policies are moving too slowly in the wrong direction to make any meaningful impact on our current survival challenge.  NPR reporter and author, Wen Stephenson unpacks the issue in his book What We Are Fighting For Now Is Each Other.  http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-12-17/what-we-re-fighting-now-each-other-new-book-declares

He’s calling for a radicalization of the mainstream.  “At this late hour, to be serious about climate is to be radical, because it’s really a radical situation. It requires us to go to the root of the systems that have created this. That’s not going to happen until enough people come to terms with and face up to the radical nature of the situation.”

In 1970, the first Earth Day activated 20 million Americans from all walks of life and is widely credited with launching the modern environmental movement.  Passage of landmark, groundbreaking, environmental laws such as the Clean Air ActClean Water ActEndangered Species Act soon followed and Richard Nixon became known as the Environmental President by setting up the Environmental Protection Agency.

In 1990,  Earth Day went global, mobilizing 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting environmental issues onto the world stage.  Today, more than 1 billion people participate in Earth Day activities each year.  This is the largest civic observance in the world.

Earth Day Network is the world’s largest recruiter to the environmental movement, working with more than 50,000 partners in 196 countries, (the total of all countries in the world) to build environmental democracy working through a combination of education, public policy, and consumer campaigns.  They broaden the definition of “environment” to include issues that affect our health and our communities, such as greening deteriorated schools, creating green jobs and investment, registering voters and promoting activism to stop air and water pollution.

With partner organizations, EDN provides civic engagement opportunities at the local, state, national and global levels around the world.  Recognizing that climate change impacts our most vulnerable citizens first and most severely, EDN often works with low income communities to bring their voices and issues into the movement.

When the global population reached four billion in 1974, five billion in 1987, six billion in 1999 and seven billion in October 2011, according to United Nations, we have an enormous challenge ahead of us.  Our population is expected to grow to 10 billion by the end of this century.  Yet the earth’s capacity to provide space, produce food, supply energy and water all remain limited.  http://worldpopulationhistory.org/map/1/mercator/1/0/25/

How You Can Help:

Until next week,178696_beers-outer-space-earth-relaxing-carlsberg-moon-landing-astronaut-1920x1200-wallpaper_wallpaperbeautiful_41

Garbage Girl

Yogurt Wheyst

 

Acid-whey-informationAcid-whey-information

Greek yogurt is a booming $2 billion a year industry that produces tons of waste.  Greek yogurt companies, food scientists, and state government officials are scrambling to figure out uses for this waste that can make a profit.

In upstate New York, two trucks a day, seven days a week arrive at Neil Rejman’s dairy farm from Chobani with 8,000 gallons of acid whey, a byproduct of Greek yogurt.

The straining process that gives Greek yogurt its highimages protein content and lush mouthfeel creates acid whey, resulting in a byproduct as acidic as orange juice.  Most of it is water with five to eight percent other materials such as lactose (milk sugar), some minerals and a very small amount of proteins.

For every four ounces of milk, Chobani can only produce one ounce of creamy Greek yogurt.  The remainder, acid whey, is illegal to dump because its decomposition is toxic to the natural environment, robbing oxygen from streams and rivers.  If it can’t be used, it must be transported to approved water filtration facilities.

The scale of the problem—or opportunity, depending on who you ask—is daunting.  The Greek yogurt market has become one of the biggest success stories in the food industry with production in New York, alone, nearly tripling from 2007 to 2013.  New plants continue to open all over the country adding to the waste stream.

Chobani is so desperate to get rid of their whey that they pay farmers like Rejman to take it off their hands.

Rejman, a third-generation dairy farmer with a Cornell animal science degree, mixes it with silage to feed his 3,300 cows, combines it with manure in a giant pit to fertilize his fields and converts it into biogas to make electricity for his farm and others.

There are challenges to integrating acid whey into the workings of a farm like when dried silage to feed the cows gets mixed with the watery, sugary whey it quickly becomes an unmanageable slop.  Due to the high sugar content of the whey, Rejman says its like feeding cows candy bars — they really like it but too much is bad for their digestive systems so it only makes a small dent in the waste problem.

Policy makers in Albany are also interested in addressing this issue.  The first-ever Yogurt Summit was convened in 2012 by New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo and attended by state and industry officials who are trying to deal with the ocean of whey that Greek yogurt is producing.  They are racing to find solutions, some of the most promising of which are listed below.

Attendees like, Dave Barbano, a dairy scientist at Cornell, specializes in filtration methods for the separation and recovery of protein.  The tiny amount of protein in acid whey might be usable as an infant formula ingredient if he can figure out how to extract it in a cost-effective way.

In a related part of the dairy industry, cheese-makers developed a lucrative business selling their byproduct, sweet whey, as body-building supplements and food ingredients.  Sweet whey is more valuable than acid whey because it has a lot more protein and its easier to handle due to its lower acidity.   The Greek yogurt industry would welcome a similar outcome.

Scientists from the Center for Dairy Research @ University of Wisconsin-Madison have been experimenting on how to get edible-grade lactose out of acid whey.  Dean Sommer, a food technologist at the center thinks that many companies are already considering building plants to convert acid whey into lactose.  The industry-financed research is proprietary so the conversion process is not being shared.

Neil Rejman, an Upstate New York dairy farmer, stands before a lagoon of manure mixed with acid whey. This slurry will be turned in to energy by a machine called an 'anaerobic digester.'

Neil Rejman, an Upstate New York dairy farmer, stands before a lagoon of manure mixed with acid whey. This slurry has passed through a system called an ‘anaerobic digester,’ which converted some of it into electricity.

What a smell!    Acid whey mixed with the large amount of cow manure Rejman’s farm produces creates a river of shit that flows into an underground concrete tank known as an anaerobic digester.  Here the fetid mixture percolates, gets heated up and keeps for 20 days so the bacteria can break up the lactose and release the methane.  The methane is fed into generators to power the farm and sell to the local utilities.  Odor control was one of the benefits that Rejman found by converting acid whey into methane.  The processed manure smells a lot less.

Only 20 of New York’s 5,200 dairy farms are operating with digesters because the $4.5 million setup cost is out of reach for most farmers.  Even with the Rejman’s $1 million state subsidy, this huge issue needs many simultaneous solutions to make a dent in the problem, according to Curt Gooch, a waste management engineer at Cornell.

If and when any of the big yogurt companies come up with a better whey, they’re being guarded and the tidal wave of acid whey is not slowing down.   As one producer said at New York’s Yogurt Summit: “If we can figure out how to handle acid whey, we’ll become heroes.”

How You Can Help:

  • Regular yogurt costs a lot less and has fewer calories!
  • Avoid single serving yogurt containers that add even more to the waste stream.
  • Consider a healthy environment while you make a healthy body.

Until next week,Unknown-1

Garbage Girl

Share Your Waste

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Brooklyn-based, Josh Treuhaft, founded Salvage Supperclub in 2014.  He sporadically organizes dinners for a mere $50 per patron.  On a mission to save waste, his delicious food is made from perfectly edible and safe ingredients that are past their prime and headed for the trash.

And!  His customers get to eat their gourmet meals inside a dumpster! The totally cleaned and hygienic venue is a symbolic gesture to demonstrate the enormous amount of food we trash without thinking.

Food waste is a growing problem both in the United States and across the globe.  In North America, 30-40% of perfectly edible food ends up in the trash each year; almost 20 pounds of food/person/month!  Most of it ends up in our landfills, while over 48 million Americans, including 15.3 million kids, do not have sufficient food.

People everywhere are coming up with creative solutions to share what we waste.

In New York’s Westchester County, students at 18 schools participate in a program called We Future Cycle.  Started by Anna Giordano and Ashley Welde in 2014, students are taught to recycle, compost, and curb food waste at their school by using three clearly marked bins – compost, recycle and share.  https://wefuturecycle.com

While the first two are self-explanatory and common in schools, the third is rare.  This is the bin where kids can toss their unwanted drinks, fruits, and untouched sandwiches.  Items in the container are available for any student who wants them.  Whatever remains at the end of the day is donated to the local soup kitchen or food bank.  Giordano says the three bins have helped reduce the number of trash bags generated at the mid-day meal from an average of 22 to just 2!

After your local supermarket closes,  countless items are taken off their shelves. From canned vegetables and salad dressings to fresh vegetables and deli meats, approaching their expiration dates or because they are no longer at their peak quality, most stores consider them unfit for sale.  With 15,000 different products in an average supermarket and 25,000 in a superstore, food retailers in the US are left with endless “past their prime” items.

So, fresh vegetables and meats get cooked up for in-store deli and salad counters, some portion gets thrown into the dumpster and ends up in landfills or gets picked over by dumpster divers. Surprisingly much of it finds its way to food banks, soup kitchens or salvage stores.

Salvage stores are seeing a steady uptake in business from cost conscious consumers.  Food banks reported an increase of 40% in the demand for emergency food assistance in the last year, according to Feeding America, a network of over 200 food banks.

Expired food is becoming an increasing part of America’s diet.  The Food and Drug Administration approves.

“Food can remain safe to consume for some time beyond sell-by and even use-by dates provided they are handled and stored properly,” says Dr Ted Labuza, professor of food science at the University of Minnesota.  For fresh produce and refrigerated foods this means storage at below 41 degrees Fahrenheit.  Canned foods and shelf-stable goods like salad dressings can be consumed for years beyond their expiration dates.  While their quality might suffer, they will not pose a safety hazard unless contaminated.

Apart from baby formula and certain types of baby foods, product dating is not uniformly required by federal regulations.  Dating of some food is required by more than 20 states, but there are areas of the country where much of the food supply has a type of “open date” and other areas where almost no food is dated.

Check out Rob Greenfield   http://robgreenfield.tv  He finds enormous amounts of food for free. 1411536318117_wps_33_DonateNotDump_Food_Waste_

 

 

 

 

How You Can Help:

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Until next week,

Garbage Girl

 

Our Wasted Infrastructure Gets a Better Grade

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What the civil engineers’ ranking really shows is that the United States can create an opportunity to surpass our competition, succeed at “A” levels in the global economy  and improve our quality of life if we understand the needed improvements at all local levels.  Our country continues to demonstrate an ability to compete and innovate at high levels when we grasp the problems we face.

How You Can Help:

Until next week,    highway-infrastructure

Garbage Girl